DIAZ TASK FORCE
RESCUING MEN, WOMEN, AND CHILDREN FROM HUMAN & SEX TRAFFICKING
WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING?
Human trafficking is a human rights violation and a crime that is carried out through means such as the use of threat, abduction, coercion, use of force, deception, fraud, abuse of power etc. against the trafficked person. Anyone can be a victim of trafficking but women and children are the most vulnerable.
A trafficker engages in the act of harboring, transporting, transferring or recruiting a person by being violent and abusive toward that person. He or she is also involved in other slavery-like practices.
This is the reason why organizations such as the Diaz Task force are fighting to prevent and suppress every act of human trafficking.
The end goal of human trafficking is always the exploitation of the trafficked victim.
WHAT IS SEXUAL EXPLOITATION?
The UN gave the definition of sexual exploitation as “Any actual or attempted abuse of someone’s position of vulnerability, differential power or trust, for sexual purposes, including, but not limited to, profiting monetarily, socially or politically from the sexual exploitation of another.”
Prostitution is a known form of sexual exploitation that involves commodifying someone to be bought, sold, and exchanged for money or social and political currency.
Sexual exploitation takes away a person’s human right to equality, dignity, autonomy, and physical and mental well-being.
WHAT IS MIGRATION?
Migration simply refers to a situation where a person moves from one country to another. It can be by legal or illegal means and it can be either voluntary or forced (without the consent of the person). Displacement of persons and trafficking are examples of forced migration.
WHAT IS SMUGGLING?
"Smuggling of migrants" means the procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly, a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a State Party of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident. This definition was given by the United Nations (UN).
WHAT IS CHILD TRAFFICKING?
Child trafficking simply involves the movement of a person (18 years and younger), into a situation of exploitative work such as forced labour or slavery-like practices.
Children are trafficked for many reasons including, to work on construction sites, begging, agricultural work, sexual exploitation, and for domestic work.
WHAT IS SLAVERY?
Slavery is the act of keeping someone in bondage for exploitative work purposes.
Slavery-like practices include debt bondage, serfdom, forced and early marriage, and the exploitation of children and adolescents.
WHAT IS FORCED LABOR?
Forced labor is the extraction of work or services from any person by means of violence or threat of violence, abuse of authority or dominant position, debt bondage, deception or other forms of coercion.
WHAT IS EXPLOITATION?
Exploitation refers to a situation in which somebody treats somebody else in an unfair way, especially in order to make money from their work.
Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.
WHAT IS DEMAND?
Demand is a term used in reference to sex work, to describe the needs or wants of clients who frequent sex workers.
The term demand can more precisely refer to the demand for cheap, exploitable labour and services in many countries.
WHY DO TRAFFICKED PERSONS NEED ASSISTANCE?
Trafficking is a deeply traumatic experience for the victim. Many survivors have been subjected to exploitation, abuse or suffered human rights violations, including forcible confinement, torture, cruel or degrading treatment, rape, sexual or other forms of assault, and slavery. In that case, trafficked persons and migrants who have experienced serious human rights violations urgently need access to assistance. Assistance refers to a broad range of restorative actions aimed at supporting a trafficked person to regain his/her health and livelihood.
WHAT IS ASSISTANCE?
Assistance includes social assistance, support, health care, legal assistance, protection, a reflection period to determine if a person wants to prosecute their trafficker(s) or not, etc.
Legal Assistance refers to the assistance provided to or provided for persons that is of a legal nature, for any length of time and during any phase of recovery (emergency, stabilization, return, social inclusion/(re)integration), including: provision of information about the legal process, provision of legal advice, preparation and submission of documents to courts, tribunals or administrative bodies, representation at court or other hearings.
Social Assistance simply refers to any assistance provided to or provided for persons other than legal assistance, for any length of time and during any phase of recovery, including but not limited to: accommodation/shelter, assessment services, counseling, psychological support, economic/financial, health/nutrition, language/literacy, outreach, referrals, repatriation/return assistance, translation services, vocational training.
WHAT DOES "ACCESS TO JUSTICE" MEAN?
Access to Justice is the right for a victim of a crime or human rights violation, to a hearing before an impartial tribunal to hold perpetrators of such abuses accountable for their actions and/or to seek reparations. It also means that the police, prosecutors and court shall ensure that their efforts to punish traffickers are implemented within a system that respects and safeguards the rights of the victims to privacy, dignity and safety.
Trafficked Persons have a right to:
- Compensation or other remedy for the violation suffered
- Be treated with dignity and compassion at all times
- Present their views and concerns to be considered at appropriate stages of criminal, civil and/or administrative proceedings against their suspected traffickers
- Procedures that are expeditious, fair, inexpensive and accessible
- The procedures for obtaining remedies should be clearly explained in a language that the trafficked person understands
- Receive proper assistance throughout the legal process including legal counsel and access to the prosecutor
- Information on their role in criminal and civil proceedings, as well as about the scope, time and progress of these and the disposition of their cases
- Ensured physical and psychological protection of themselves, their families and other witnesses throughout the process
- Privacy and confidentiality, within the bounds of the law
- To remain safely in the country in which the remedy is being sought for the duration of any criminal, civil or administrative proceedings.
WHAT IS COMPENSATION?
Compensation refers to anything that is given or done to make someone that has been hurt feel better. A victim of trafficking can suffer a range of crimes, from assault, rape, abuse and other forms of cruel and inhumane treatment, to fraud, forgery, kidnapping, forced labour and other crimes. The experience can have long-lasting effects on the victim's physical and mental health, as well as their ability to earn a living.
Compensation can act as a further recognition of the injustice suffered by the trafficked person. It can be given both materially and non-materially to a trafficked victim, in order to help him or her re-build his or her life, and avoid the cycle of re-trafficking to repay debts or just to survive.
WHAT IS NON-CONDITIONAL ASSISTANCE?
Non-conditional assistance means that all trafficked persons reserve the right to assistance and protection from the governments, and that this assistance is in no way conditional on the person providing testimony or other assistance and/or cooperation in prosecution.
Assistance is really important in the prevention, suppression and prosecution of trafficked persons.